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ENROLLED H. B. 4289
[Passed February 25, 2002; in effect ninety days from passage.]
[Signed by the Governor, March 7, 2002]
AN ACT to amend article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of the code of West Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended, by adding thereto a new section, designated section ten, relating to prohibiting racial profiling by law-enforcement officers and agencies.
Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia:
That article twenty-nine, chapter thirty of the code of West Virginia, one thousand nine hundred thirty-one, as amended, be amended by adding thereto a new section, designated section ten, to read as follows:
ARTICLE 29. LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION.
§30-29-10. Prohibition of racial profiling.
(a) The Legislature finds that the use by a law-enforcement officer of race, ethnicity, or national origin in deciding which persons should be subject to traffic stops, stops and frisks, questioning, searches, and seizures is a problematic law-enforcement tactic. The reality or public perception of racial profiling alienates people from police, hinders community policing efforts, and causes law-enforcement officers and law-enforcement agencies to lose credibility and trust among the people law-enforcement is sworn to protect and serve. Therefore, the West Virginia Legislature declares that racial profiling is contrary to public policy and should not be used as a law-enforcement investigative tactic.
(b) For purposes of this section:
(1) The term "law-enforcement officer" means any duly authorized member of a law-enforcement agency who is authorized to maintain public peace and order, prevent and detect crime, make arrests and enforce the laws of the state or any county or municipality thereof.
(2) The term "municipality" means any incorporated town or city whose boundaries lie within the geographic boundaries of the state.
(3) The term "racial profiling" means the practice of a law-enforcement officer relying, to any degree, on race, ethnicity, or national origin in selecting which individuals to subject to routine investigatory activities, or in deciding upon the scope and substance of law-enforcement activity following the initial routine investigatory activity. Racial profiling does not include reliance on race, ethnicity, or national origin in combination with other identifying factors when the law-enforcement officer is seeking to apprehend a specific suspect whose race, ethnicity, or national origin is part of the description of the suspect.
(4) The term "state and local law-enforcement agencies" means any duly authorized state, county or municipal organization employing one or more persons whose responsibility is the enforcement of laws of the state or any county or municipality thereof.
(c) No law-enforcement officer shall engage in racial profiling.
(d) All state and local law-enforcement agencies shall establish and maintain policies and procedures designed to prevent racial profiling. Policies and procedures shall include the following:
(1) A prohibition on racial profiling;
(2) Independent procedures for receiving, investigating, and responding to complaints alleging racial profiling by law-enforcement officers;
(3) Procedures to discipline law-enforcement officers who engage in racial profiling; and
(4) Any other policies
and procedures deemed necessary by state and local law-enforcement agencies
to eliminate racial profiling.
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